Anti-Corruption Bureau is a specialized agency tackling
the problem of corruption in various departments of
the Government against Public Servants and also Private
Persons whoever abet the offences under the Prevention
of Corruption Act, 1988. The Bureau registers cases
under the provisions of this Act. Besides this, the
Bureau conducts enquiries basing on the information/petitions
received from various agencies like Government, Vigilance
Commission, Lokayukta etc. and also on the information/petitions
received by the Bureau from the public containing specific
and verifiable allegations of corruption against Public
Bureau was established on January 2, 1961 and functions directly
under the administrative control of the General Administration
Department of Andhra Pradesh Government. The Director
General, who is a senior IPS officer of the rank of
DGP,heads the Bureau. A Director, who is also
a senior IPS officer of the rank of IGP, assists him.
They are assisted by Additional Directors (IPS officers
of the rank of DIG) and OSD in the rank of Additional Director
and Joint Directors (IPS officers
of the rank of SP).
Bureau is divided into 15 Ranges. Each Range is headed
by a Deputy Superintendent of Police and assisted by
3 to 5 Inspectors. Each Range encompasses one to three
Districts. The Bureau is also having Additional S.Ps. in the Headquaters.
The Bureau is having Technical Officers like
Engineers, Chartered Accountant, etc. It is also having
legal officers to tender advise on legal matters to
conduct prosecution in Courts and Tribunal for Disciplinary
Bureau basically enforces the provisions of the Prevention
of Corruption Act, 1988. The Bureau has suo-moto powers
to collect information, conduct enquiries and register
cases on Public Servants. The Bureau investigates Disproportionate
Assets Cases of Criminal misconduct and misappropriation.
Apart from that the Bureau also conducts enquiries in
the form of Regular Enquiries, Discreet Enquiries and
also conducts Surprise Checks in areas of rampant
completion of investigation and enquiries, a final
report is sent to Government through the Vigilance
Commissioner who tenders his advice to the Government.
Depending on the merits of the case, the further course
of action may be either to file charges or to drop action.
If the evidence is not enough for launching prosecution
in a case, the case is referred to the Tribunal for
Disciplinary Proceedings, Commissioner of Enquiries
or to the Department concerned for taking further action
by dealing with the Public Servant on charges of misconduct,
possessing disproportionate Assets and violation A.P.C.S.
(Conduct) Rules, 1964.
For prosecution of a Public Servant
the authority competent to remove him has to accord
sanction for prosecution.
in a court leads to dismissal of the convicted Public
Servant, whereas in departmental action the Public
Servant is awarded a major punishment or a minor punishment
depending on the gravity of the delinquency under the
A.P.C.S. (CCA) Rules, 1991. Major punishment involves
dismissal, removal, reduction in Rank, withholding of
increments with cumulative effect, cut or stoppage of pension for retired employees, etc. Minor punishments
are withholding of increments without cumulative effect,
censure, recorded warning, etc.